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7 Things to Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
By Amelia Grant
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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) affects about 10% of women in the US. Even though itís fairly common, not everything is known about it. Experts still donít know what causes it and up to 50% of women donít even know they have it. PCOS brings increased risk for serious medical issues for women. Itís important to be aware of its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Here are seven things about polycystic ovary syndrome to get you started.
- PCOS is a hormonal disorder.
Normally your ovaries produce small amounts of male hormones (androgens), but those with PCOS make too much. This causes things like weight gain, acne, missed periods and hair growth. Increased androgens interfere with ovulation and can even cause infertility.
- Itís not all about cysts.
PCOS is known to cause cysts. And although these cysts can be spotted on a ultrasound, they are usually the last tell-tale sign of PCOS. The first symptoms of PCOS are things like irregular periods, excessive hair growth and acne. So donít brush them off, if you notice any of those changes, go and see a doctor. He can then try to detect PCOS with blood tests that measure your hormone levels.
- Even the best doctors can miss it.
There isnít no one single test out there that can detect PCOS. Diagnosis is based on the detection of multiple symptoms combined. Plus doctors have to rule out other conditions which can mimic it, which is called diagnosis of ďexclusionĒ.
- PCOS is the leading cause of infertility in women.
Due to irregular periods caused by PCOS, you are not ovulating every month. Which means your chances get pregnant also reduce. In this case, you would need the help of a fertility doctor or ob-gyn. They can try to get your cycle back to normal, increasing your chance for fertility.
- Insulin may play a role.
Insulin resistance is closely linked to PCOS, and a lot of women suffering with PCOS will have pre-diabetic symptoms. Itís widely known that insulin resistance can lead to increased androgen levels, but nobody knows if having increased androgen levels can cause insulin resistance.
- Weight loss may be the best medicine.
Even though obesity isnít the cause of PCOS, the two conditions still have a significant overlap. Obesity leads to increased insulin resistance, which raise your androgen levels and worsen the PCOS symptoms. But losing even just a few pounds could greatly minimize your symptoms and help you get pregnant.
- Treating PCOS can prevent serious health risks.
PCOS symptoms can me tolerable for most, so those that arenít trying to get pregnant might not be in a rush to visit a doctor. But ignoring PCOS can lead to more serious complications. It increases your risk for diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Timely diagnosis and treatment is recommended to lower your chances of getting these problems.
If you have any of the discussed symptoms of PCOS, visit your gyn doctor. -- https://www.obgynecologistnyc.com/
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Article Submitted On: May 18, 2018